but high rates of hepatitis C infections. Intrauterine growth restriction was defined as a birth weight less than the 3rd centile for gestation. Thee were significantly more multiparous women in the drug user group than compared to controls. Not only will smoking during pregnancy produce short term effects, such as low birth weight in infants, but it will also produce long term effects on children's development as well. If being tested for drugs just means taking blood then it would not be harmful towards the unborn fetus.
The use of middlebury essay supplement tobacco during pregnancy has adverse prenatal consequences and these consequences can extend far beyond the prenatal period (Wakschlag, 2002). Your research paper is written by certified writers. Showed next 250 characters, if you cannot find any suitable paper on our site, which happens very rarely, you can always order custom written paper which will be written from scratch by our professional writers and deliver to you on requested time. For a pregnant woman, drug use and abuse is twice as dangerous as for someone who is not pregnant. Article No 2: Substance abuse during pregnancy: effect on pregnancy outcomes. The relative risk of preterm birth appears consistent amongst the group of different drug users, but the risk of abruption is least in women using methadone and highest in those using cocaine. Calliper matching was done by district of residence and year of delivery, so that any control patient who delivered within 6 months before or after the date of delivery of a drug using woman was considered as a potential match. Children exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in the home increases the incidence of middle ear disease, asthma, bronchitis, and pneumonia; just to name a few. Introduction, as substance use during pregnancy continues to be a major problem, a retrospective cohort study of 247 drug-using women and 741 controls was made in UK in the period of 4 years:1997-2000. Expectant mothers should if possible cease to use the drugs but many fail todo.