and every man that deserves any given kind of good; there is a certain correspondence and appropriateness in such things; thus it is appropriate for brave men, not for just men, to have fine weapons, and for men we chose the moon of family. All these kinds of property are our own, are secure, gentlemanly, and useful. The Formal Cause ( aitia ) then of that change from potential to actual house, is the reason ( logos ) of the house builder and the Final Cause is the end, namely the house itself. Part 9 Others, indeed, have apprehended the nature in question, but not adequately. The grounds on which we must base our arguments, when we are speaking for or against a proposal, have now been set forth more or less completely.
Thus: a shield, we say, is the 'drinking-bowl of Ares and a bow is the 'chordless lyre'. But the recognition which is most intimately connected with the plot and action is, as we have said, the recognition of persons. In this example, wit and brevity communicate the larger idea that people soften their mistakes by claiming to learn from the experience. " Euripides said that his opponent himself was guilty in bringing into the law-courts cases whose decision belonged to the Dionysiac contests. All such good things as excite envy are, as a class, the outcome of good luck. Having distinguished these we may deal with them one by one, and try to discover the elements of which each is composed, and the propositions each must employ. Thus there are propositions about natural science on which it is impossible to base any enthymeme or syllogism about ethics, and other propositions about ethics on which nothing can be based about natural science. Leptines, speaking of the Lacedaemonians, said that he would not have the Athenians let Greece 'lose one of her two eyes'. For admitting with them that there is something divine, good, and desirable, we hold that there are two other principles, the one contrary to it, the other such as of its own nature to desire and yearn for.