and property. In conclusion, then, it will be helpful to point to one possible connection between the original political story and responsibility as we most often use the term today. Federalist Papers (1787 and the Anglo-Irish political thinker Edmund Burke (1796). Ricoeur, Paul (1992) "The concept of responsibility: an essay in semantic analysis" in his The Just, trans David Pellauer, University of Chicago Press, Chicago A demanding but astonishingly rich essay analyzing the concept historically and in relation to the fundamentals of human agency. Consider a standard example: suppose John accidentally slips and breaks a vase in Jane's shop. Individual Responsibility, there is no philosophically well-settled way of dividing or analyzing the various components of responsibility, and some components are often ignored by philosophers. Ascribing different degrees of responsibility may be necessary or appropriate with regard to different sorts of decision-making. Philosophical discussion of responsibility has focused largely on (1) and (2). If they think that the American Southwest should belong to Mexico, either they have forgotten what they think about Mexico, they exhibit a pure loyalty to Mexico that is inconsistent with allegiance to the United States of America, they are confused to a remarkable degree.
The article on praise and blame discusses this issue in more depth, contrasting Kants approach with that of Aristotle and utilitarianism. Then when a country gives so much, is it not its right to demand loyalty from the individual? An illuminating essay by Herbert Fingarette (1967) considers the limit case of the psychopath, someone who shows absolutely no moral concern for others, nor any sensitivity to moral reproach. Colonization was Lincoln's preference right up until the day that a delegation, consisting of Frederick Douglass and other black leaders, with Emancipation at hand, told him they actually did not want to go back to Africa. However this may be, it is fair to say that this usage of "responsible" has received the least attention from philosophers. It can be argued that our intentions and choices are conditioned by our characters, and our characters by the circumstances of our upbringing. Therefore standards of rationality apply to us, and when we fail to act rationally this is, simply and crudely, a Bad Thing. He thought it would thus be better and happier for all for freed slaves to return to Africa, and his continued holding of slaves was a consequence, at least in part (he also had financial problems of his sense that they could not and should. The most obvious point, that all writers will endorse, is that legal and moral responsibility often overlap, but will diverge on some occasions. 'Abd ibn Hishm, Sultn of, morocco (1822-1859 to British Vice Consul Henry John Murray, 1842.
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