Essay existentialism jean paul sartre

essay existentialism jean paul sartre

universe, the universe of human subjectivity. If I want, say, to marry and have children, such choice may depend on my situation, my passion, my desire, but by it I engage not only myself, but all humanity in the way of the monogamy. Existential philosophers believe that humans create their own values and determine a meaning for their lives because, from the start, the human being does not possess any inherent value or identity. Defining the self is tantamount to escaping one's "nausea." It eliminates abstraction and turns life into a series of pragmatic responsibilities. Admittedly, few people appear to be anxious; but we claim that they mask their anguish, that they flee.

Man becomes what he chooses." Sartre draws a sharp distinction between being and existing: If one chooses to act, one is said to be; when one chooses not to act, one merely exists. In choosing myself, I choose man, Sartre said. Sartre offers the argument about the artisan and his craft: "When you consider a manufactured object, such as a book or a paper cutter, this object was manufactured by an artisan who started from a concept; he referred to this concept of a paper cutter. When I was imprisoned, I met a rather remarkable man, a Jesuit who had joined that order in the following way: As a child, his father had died leaving him in poverty. That does not entirely refute the charge of subjectivism. Bookmark this page, in learning about Sartrean existentialism, it is helpful to recall data about the climate in which Sartre grew.

I said to him, "In the end, it is your feelings which count". Sartre was not interested in traditional metaphysics since he felt that the age-old problems of these thinkers would never be solvable by humanity. As Ponge has truly written "Man is the future of man". This universalization of individual choices is reminiscent of Kants supreme precept of morality; the categorical imperative, according to which you must only act in such a way that the principle on which you act could be a universal law. What does this mean? A philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will(merriam-webster). He must take a stand, make choices, commit himself to his beliefs, and create meaning through action. To be responsible, to live authentically, means intentionally to make choices about ones life and ones future.